Irritable bowel syndrome treatment will vary depending upon what symptoms are present and how adversely the condition is impacting the patient’s life. IBS is a common condition that is essentially a combination of abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. Irritable bowel syndrome is not a life threatening condition, but it can be frustrating, inconvenient, and embarrassing. The causes of irritable bowel syndrome are not well understood. Some factors may include GI tract motor problems, altered brain-gut signals, altered bacterial concentrations in the gut, food sensitivity, or genetics.